This is the history of Hajj in Indonesia, full of Hajj Tariq memes

There are many memes about 'Haji Tariq', this is the history of Hajj in Indonesia
Hajj pilgrimage (AFP)

There has been a lot of discussion on social media about granting the title of Hajj to someone who has performed their pilgrimage to the holy land of Mecca. This started with the emergence of information about an artist who had been performing the Hajj since he was two months old. Various reactions and comments have emerged about granting the title of Hajj to the artist.

This is interesting, because the use of the title Hajj seems to be applicable only in a few countries in the Southeast Asian region, such as Indonesia and Malaysia. The following is the history of granting the title of Hajj in Indonesia, as discussed by a history lecturer at the Department of History, Faculty of Cultural Studies (FIB) Airlangga University (Unair) Moordiati, SS, M.Hum.

“The awarding of the Hajj title therefore has its own meaning and history. “Apart from that, Hajj titles are only awarded in Indonesia and Malaysia,” Moordiati said on Tuesday (September 7), as quoted on the official UNAIR website.

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History of Hajj Degrees

Moordiati explained that in ancient times, people from the archipelago who performed Hajj did not need permission from any party. At that time, Hajj usually used maritime transport. This means that someone who wants to fulfill one of the pillars of Islam has a great risk and a lot of capital.

“In the past, most people from Aceh Island could go on pilgrimage. There are still few Javanese because of the limited capital,” he said.

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Despite the great risks, Indonesian Hajj pilgrims have strong ties with clergy and people from the Middle East, based on the history of the two nations. These ties made the colonial government concerned about its position and status in the archipelago. The reason is that the Hajj pilgrims who returned from the Middle East brought with them the spirit of movement and independence.

“Based on these concerns, the government has decided to issue regulations regarding permits for performing the Hajj pilgrimage and the awarding of Hajj titles to warn Indonesian people who have performed the Hajj pilgrimage,” Moordiati said.

The colonial government therefore required people returning from Mecca to wear the Haj title as a marker. This arrangement meant that Indonesians who did not follow the colonial government’s procedures would be fined.

Also Read: It is said that the DPR RI Hajj Special Committee will wither before it develops

Hajj in the present era

The Hajj pilgrimage in the present era has undergone a shift in meaning since the era of colonial rule. There is no obligation as in the past to attach the title of Hajj to someone when that person has performed worship in the Holy Land.

“Currently, there are no specific rules regarding the awarding of the title of Hajj. However, because it has become a culture, people still attach the title of Hajj to someone who has performed this pilgrimage,” Moordiati said.

Moordiati said that the title Hajj is already common in Indonesian society, but he reminded that it should be done wisely.

“There is no need to force your will or be excessive by demanding that someone be called Hajj,” concluded Moordiati (M-3).

Siti Retno Wulandari

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