Taxes for the Golden Generation

Taxes for the Golden Generation
Irvan Sihombing (personal document)

TAX can simply be interpreted as the obligatory contribution of every citizen to the state and is used for the needs of the state for the greatest prosperity of the people. There are at least three keywords, namely contribution, state and prosperity.

Prosperity is the last and most important keyword, because that is what everything boils down to. All compulsory contributions must be used as much as possible for the prosperity of the people. Without the prosperity of the people, the contributions requested by the state would be in vain.

How do you achieve prosperity? One way is through education. From the womb of education, a golden generation will be born who will be able to bring this country to prosperity. Therefore, taxes as a source of financing for education must be properly managed.

Also read: Indonesian dream: taxes, education, debt ratio

For example, this management is used to finance various educational programs and facilities, including building school infrastructure, providing educational resources, paying teaching staff, providing educational assistance and scholarship programs.

One of the scholarship programs, that is top of mind community because there is always a flow of people interested in the Education Fund Management Institution (LPDP) Scholarship. Since its opening in 2013 to date, the number of LPDP Scholarship recipients has reached 24,370 women and 21,130 men.

In fact, this year set a record for the largest number of applicants in the history of the LPDP Scholarship. With Phase I registration in 2024, this number will increase to 20,260 people and within a year there will be an estimated 40,000 registrants.

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What makes LPDP special are the scholarship recipients (winner) must be able to deliver benefits to society. So don't be surprised when winner obliged to return to the country. The reason is that recipients of this scholarship receive privileges that come from tax dollars.

Many stories have inspired. For example, Widya Putra, an alumni of the first class of LPDP scholarships, was a successful mushroom entrepreneur. There is also Galih Sulistyaningra, a graduate of the LPDP Masters in London, who has taken up teaching at a public primary school (SDN).

All of the above will illustrate how taxes have been managed in the education world. We should be happy with that. In addition, the government has adopted an education budget (mandatory expenses) IDR 660.8 trillion or 20% of the 2024 APBN.

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Find a school
At the same time, however, we should be concerned because with such fantastic numbers, there are still problems in society regarding access to education. For example, parents are concerned about the New Student Admissions (PPDB) process.

This concern should not be necessary if the government truly implements the philosophy of the 12-year compulsory education program. As the party demanding this program, it is the government that must find schools for prospective students.

However, what happened was the opposite. Parents scramble, elbow to elbow, looking for a school. This phenomenon has apparently also been in the spotlight of education observer Ubaid Matraji of the Indonesian Education Monitoring Network (JPPI).

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“So this PPDB season is because everyone pays taxes, so the government is obliged to provide school going children with a suitable school for them. Don't reverse it. Who is looking for a school today? Parents,” said Ubaid Matraji.

Government fiscal management does not stop short of funding education infrastructure, paying the salaries of teachers and educators, providing scholarships to high-achieving students, and increasing access to education for underprivileged communities.

If the benefits of the tax are to truly be felt by the wider community, the government must ensure that all Indonesian children do not have to struggle to find a school because their school is provided for free.

Because according to the mandate of the 1945 Constitution, all children have the same right to educational services. Whether children from rich or poor families should receive quality and fair education.

Cheap UK
Another way in which the tax benefits can be felt directly by the population is that the government must be able to ensure that the one-off tuition fee (UKT) is affordable. Most people are surely wondering why the education budget is IDR 660.8 trillion, but the UKT is still sky high so that students are protesting?

The public certainly wants to know whether the budget, which is divided into central government expenditure allocations (Rs 237.3 trillion), transfers to regions (Rs 346.6 trillion) and investment financing (Rs 77 trillion), can be focused on making from UKT more affordable.

Article 31, paragraph (4) of the 1945 Constitution states that the state shall give priority to an education budget of at least 20% of the APBN and APBD to meet the needs of national education.

The 20% figure is a minimum amount, so there should be opportunities to increase this if the education world needs more. The goal is only one, namely that the educational world will be successful in its efforts to present a golden generation.

This golden generation will ensure that Indonesia becomes more advanced, prosperous and prosperous. However, if the taxes collected are not optimally managed for the education world, it is very difficult to promote the birth of a golden generation. (P-3)

Irvan Sihombing

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