People with heart disease also need exercise

People with heart disease also need exercise
Illustration(freepik.com)

OFTEN we come across people who die suddenly, while they initially appeared healthy. Many of them had heart attacks.
People with heart disease are more sensitive to activities, especially those that require extra energy. However, heart patients can also exercise if they do it regularly and it can be beneficial for the body.

A cardiovascular specialist, Dr. Bayushi Eka Putra, explained that the benefits of exercise for heart patients can make the heart stronger and work more efficiently, or train the heart to pump blood.

“The heart will work more efficiently, just like a car engine that is well maintained. So the heart doesn’t have to work as hard to pump blood. In other words, it gets used to being stressed by exercise, so that normal activities can be performed. feel lighter,” Dr. Bayu said when contacted on Monday (2/10).

Also read: 7 Tips for Safe Exercise for People with Heart Disease

He suggests appropriate exercises, such as walking, because it is a good aerobic exercise with few risks. Then swimming, which is cardiovascular exercise without stressing the joints.

“Swimming is especially suitable for patients who are elderly and have movement disorders. Cycling in the open air can also be a good and last option, namely training with light weights is possible, but with light weights of around 0.5-2 kg and more repetitions,” he said.

Sports to avoid include lifting maximal weights or lifting very heavy weights that can suddenly increase blood pressure; for example, bench pressing has a risk of causing sudden heart failure.

Also read: These are exercise recommendations for people with heart disease

Heavy contact sports such as boxing or football, which carry a risk of injury, should also be avoided. Then extreme sports such as paragliding, diving or sports that require extreme physical or psychological stress.

The next exercise that heart patients should avoid, high-intensity interval training (HIIT), while effective, can be too taxing on the heart in patients with certain conditions, such as those with heart failure or those with blocked coronary arteries.

Consultation

Bayu urged people with heart conditions who want to exercise to consult a doctor or heart specialist before starting or changing their exercise routine.

Also read: Try these four sports for heart health

Do not force it during exercise. If symptoms occur, stop and consult a doctor as soon as possible.

Then heart patients also need to recognize the limits of the body and not ignore signals such as fatigue, chest pain or shortness of breath. It can be a sign that the body needs to rest or adjust its exercise routine.

Monitoring may include the use of health monitoring devices, such as a heart rate monitor, if necessary to help determine when to stop or continue exercising.

This exercise should also be balanced with sufficient rest. Always take the time to warm up before exercising and cool down afterwards. Warming up and cooling down are especially useful to reduce the workload of the heart during exercise, that is, to reduce the risk of cardiac arrhythmias and to prepare and relax the work of the heart muscle after exercise.

“Good hydration, drink enough water before, during and after exercise to maintain body fluid balance,” he concluded. (D-2)

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